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A web resource for combating human trafficking


United States of America

To report an instance of suspected trafficking, please call the HOTLINE: 1.888.3737.888

2007 U.S. Department of State Trafficking in Persons Report

Attorney General’s Annual Report to Congress on U.S. Government Activities to Combat Trafficking in Persons Fiscal Year 2006 (May 2007)

2006 US Department of State Human Rights Report (Released March 2007) - Includes reporting on human trafficking

Assessment of U.S. Government Efforts to Combat Trafficking in Persons September 2006 (Multi-Department Report)

Report on Activities to Combat Human Trafficking: Fiscal Years 2001 - 2005 (Department of Justice)

The United States of America is principally a transit and destination country for trafficking in persons. It is estimated that 14,500 to 17,500 people, primarily women and children, are trafficked to the U.S. annually. 1 The U.S. Government is strongly committed to combating trafficking in persons at home and abroad. The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, enhances pre-existing criminal penalties, affords new protections to trafficking victims and makes available certain benefits and services to victims of severe forms of trafficking. It also establishes a Cabinet-level federal interagency task force and establishes a federal program to provide services to trafficking victims. The U.S. Government recognizes the need to sustain and further enhance efforts in order to achieve the goals and objectives of the Act.

The U.S. Department of State began monitoring trafficking in persons in 1994, when the issue began to be covered in the Department’s Annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. Originally, coverage focused on trafficking of women and girls for sexual purposes. The report coverage has broadened over the years, and U.S. embassies worldwide now routinely monitor and report on cases of trafficking in men, women, and children for all forms of forced labor, including agriculture, domestic service, construction work, and sweatshops, as well as trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation.

Internationally, the U.S. has initiated many anti-trafficking and development programs to assist countries to combat this ever-growing phenomenon. Mandated by the TVPA in 2000, the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking was created in the State Department (G/TIP Office). The G/TIP Office has provided millions of dollars in grants to organizations all over the world to implement programs in order to combat trafficking. These programs include disseminating information on the dangers of trafficking, strengthening the capacity of non-governmental organizations to protect those groups from abuse and violence, and outreach and economic opportunity programs for those most at risk of being trafficked. The U.S. has assisted countries to enact anti-trafficking legislation, trained law enforcement officials, prosecutors, border guards and judicial officers on detecting, investigating, and prosecuting traffickers, and protecting victims and provided start-up equipment for new anti-trafficking police units. The www.HumanTrafficking.org Web site for East Asia/Pacific countries is a response to a recommendation of participants at the Asian Regional Initiative Against Trafficking (ARIAT) meeting in 2000.

Nationally, the US government is committed to prosecuting traffickers and assisting persons who have been identified as victims of trafficking.

In November 2003, the US Congress reauthorized the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000.

The Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2003 provides resources and initiatives to assist the 18,000 to 20,000 victims of human trafficking who are trafficked into the United States every year.

The Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005 was signed into law on January 2006.

See Best Practices for the United States.


1 US Department of State Trafficking in Persons Report 2006

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